Arduino is an open-source electronics platform developed for building digital devices and interactive objects that can sense and control objects in the physical world. Consisting of both a physical programmable circuit board and a piece of software, or IDE (Integrated Development Environment) that runs on the computer, used to write and upload computer code to the physical board.
Gained popularity over the years, due to the diversity of components it can interact with, coupled with a low cost of ownership. Being open-source further contributes to the easy availability of support a beginner coder can received over Internet.
Born at the Ivrea Interaction Design Institute as an easy tool for fast prototyping, aimed at students without a background in electronics and programming. As soon as it reached a wider community, the Arduino board started changing to adapt to new needs and challenges, differentiating its offer from simple 8-bit boards to products for IoT applications, wearable, 3D printing, and embedded environments.
Arduino Vs Genuino
Genuino is Arduino.cc’s sister-brand created by its co-founders Massimo Banzi, David Cuartielles, Tom Igoe, and David Mellis, the Arduino.cc team and community. Arduino is used for boards and products sold only in the US, whereas the Genuino brand is used for boards sold anywhere outside of US.
The Genuino brand certifies the authenticity of boards and products in line with the philosophy of open-hardware and open-source that has always characterized the values. Genuino and Arduino boards share the same components, characteristics and quality of manufacturing. They are actually the same boards under a different brand.